- Web applications, servers and backend web infrastructure;
- Browser-based games;
- Animation and other special effects;
- Security features (such as passwords);
- Automatically refreshing news feeds;
- Mobile applications.
- Everything You Need to Know About Java Scanner
- The Most Important Features For a Mobile Banking Application
To remain competitive, Netscape sought to expand its audience by incorporating a scripting language that would enable interactions with the Document Object Model (DOM). Marc Andreessen, the founder of Netscape Communications, had the vision that the web needed a way to become more dynamic. At the time, the web was very limited and slow as people used dial-up connections through telephone lines and modems. When filling out forms on websites, validation for input fields had to be done through a full round trip to the server. This was a slow process and could result in data loss if the form wasn't filled out correctly. To address this issue, Netscape Communications came up with a solution. They decided to enable validation of input fields on the client side to avoid the need for a full round trip to the server. This process required a small scripting language that would be available for both software engineers and people without extensive programming experience.
Netscape Communications then allied with Sun Microsystems. To outdo Microsoft's Internet Explorer, their collaborative plan involved incorporating Sun's Java programming language into the Netscape Navigator 2 browser. Thus, in April 1995, Netscape Communications hired Brendan Eich to develop and introduce a new scripting language for the browser. Eich had only 10 days to create a prototype yet he nailed the challenge.
The new language was initially called Mocha and it was designed to resemble Java, which was important to both Netscape and Sun. To achieve this, Eich utilized syntax influenced by C and implemented naming conventions similar to Java. He incorporated the prototype-based object model from the Self language, allowing objects to inherit directly from other objects. He also added first-class functions similar to those found in Lisp. This approach treated functions as variables, resulting in a language that combined the syntax of Java, the object orientation of Self, and the functional style of Scheme.
JScript and ECMAScript
ECMAScript 2 and ECMAScript 3
ECMAScript 4 and ECMAScript 5
ECMAScript 2015 and further versions
Java is an object-oriented, class-based programming language that was developed by Sun Microsystems in the mid-1990s. It is compiled into bytecode that can run on any platform that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) installed. Java is often used for building large-scale enterprise applications, Android mobile apps, and server-side web applications.
- It can be fully integrated with HTML and CSS;
- It is supported by all major browsers;